Using Guice with Flex remoting for BlazeDS

I just finished putting a server together that uses Google’s Guice and Adobe’s BlazeDS.  Here’s how you can quickly get a project working using the same configuration.

* Update: A new post describes using Guice’s ServletModule to configure the MessageBrokerServlet.

Download the libraries

Download Guice and BlazeDS.  Use the project configured in the BlazeDS war to get started.

Create the Guice factory

Since BlazeDS provides the servlet, you won’t be able to configure your classes using Guice unless you have a Flex factory.  This code will inject itself with Guice to get instances of Flex services.

package com.connorgarvey.guiceblazeds.servlet;
 
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import com.google.inject.Injector;
import flex.messaging.FactoryInstance;
import flex.messaging.FlexContext;
import flex.messaging.FlexFactory;
import flex.messaging.config.ConfigMap;
import flex.messaging.services.ServiceException;
 
/**
 * <p>A Flex factory that retrieves instances of Flex services from Guice</p>
 * <p>This is based on a similar factory built for Spring by Jeff Vroom</p>
 * @author Connor Garvey
 * @created May 27, 2009 1:09:49 PM
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @since 1.0.0
 */
public class GuiceFactory implements FlexFactory {
  private static final String SOURCE = "source";
 
  /**
   * @see flex.messaging.FlexFactory#createFactoryInstance(java.lang.String, flex.messaging.config.ConfigMap)
   */
  public FactoryInstance createFactoryInstance(final String id, final ConfigMap properties) {
    final GuiceFactoryInstance instance = new GuiceFactoryInstance(this, id, properties);
    instance.setSource(properties.getPropertyAsString(SOURCE, instance.getId()));
    return instance;
  }
 
  /**
   * @see flex.messaging.FlexConfigurable#initialize(java.lang.String, flex.messaging.config.ConfigMap)
   */
  public void initialize(final String id, final ConfigMap configMap) {
  }
 
  /**
   * @see flex.messaging.FlexFactory#lookup(flex.messaging.FactoryInstance)
   */
  public Object lookup(final FactoryInstance inst) {
    return inst.lookup();
  }
 
  static class GuiceFactoryInstance extends FactoryInstance {
    private Map<String, Class<?>> classes = new HashMap<String, Class<?>>();
    GuiceFactoryInstance(final GuiceFactory factory, final String id, final ConfigMap properties) {
      super(factory, id, properties);
    }
 
    @Override
    public Object lookup() {
      final Injector injector = (Injector)FlexContext.getServletContext().getAttribute(
          GuiceServletContextListener.KEY);
      injector.injectMembers(this);
      String className = this.getSource();
      Class<?> clazz = this.classes.get(className);
      if (clazz == null) {
        try {
          clazz = Class.forName(this.getSource());
          this.classes.put(className, clazz);
        }
        catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
          ServiceException throwing = new ServiceException();
          throwing.setMessage("Could not find remote service class '" + this.getSource() + "'");
          throwing.setRootCause(ex);
          throwing.setCode("Server.Processing");
          throw throwing;
        }
      }
      return injector.getInstance(clazz);
    }
 
    @Override
    public String toString() {
      return "Guice factory <id='" + this.getId() + "',source='" + this.getSource() +
          "',scope='" + this.getScope() + "'>";
    }
  }
}

Create a context listener

The Guice servlet jar contains a ServletContextListener, but I haven’t taken the time to integrate it into this solution.  For simplicity, you can use this one, which works with the factory above.

package com.connorgarvey.guiceblazeds.servlet;
 
import java.util.List;
import javax.servlet.ServletContext;
import javax.servlet.ServletContextEvent;
import javax.servlet.ServletContextListener;
import com.google.inject.Guice;
import com.google.inject.Injector;
import com.google.inject.Module;
 
/**
 * Prepares Guice on application startup
 * @author Connor Garvey
 * @created May 27, 2009 8:37:26 AM
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @since 1.0.0
 */
public abstract class GuiceServletContextListener implements ServletContextListener {
  /**
   * The key of the servlet context attribute holding the injector
   */
  public static final String KEY = Injector.class.getName();
 
  /**
   * @see javax.servlet.ServletContextListener#contextDestroyed(javax.servlet.ServletContextEvent)
   */
  public void contextDestroyed(final ServletContextEvent servletContextEvent) {
    servletContextEvent.getServletContext().removeAttribute(KEY);
  }
 
  /**
   * @see javax.servlet.ServletContextListener#contextInitialized(javax.servlet.ServletContextEvent)
   */
  public void contextInitialized(final ServletContextEvent servletContextEvent) {
    servletContextEvent.getServletContext().setAttribute(KEY,
        this.getInjector(servletContextEvent.getServletContext()));
  }
 
  private Injector getInjector(final ServletContext servletContext) {
    return Guice.createInjector(this.getModules());
  }
 
  /**
   * Gets the modules used by the application
   * @return the modules
   */
  protected abstract List<? extends Module> getModules();
}

Extend GuiceContextListener

Create a concret version of the class above.  It should return all modules needed for the application.

Modify web.xml

Now, prepare web.xml with the normal BlazeDS settings plus some extras for Guice.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN" "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd">
<web-app>
  <display-name>Guice BlazeDS</display-name>
  <description>Guice BlazeDS</description>
  <listener>
    <listener-class>flex.messaging.HttpFlexSession</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <listener>
    <listener-class>com.connorgarvey.guiceblazeds.servlet.MyCustomGuiceServletContextListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>MessageBrokerServlet</servlet-name>
    <display-name>MessageBrokerServlet</display-name>
    <servlet-class>flex.messaging.MessageBrokerServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>services.configuration.file</param-name>
      <param-value>/WEB-INF/config/flex/services-config.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>MessageBrokerServlet</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/messagebroker/*</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

This way, BlazeDS will start at server startup, followed by Guice.

Modify BlazeDS config

Open services-config.xml and add this at the top of the file.  Point it to the Guice factory.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<services-config>
  <factories>
    <factory id="guice" class="com.connorgarvey.guiceblazeds.servlet.GuiceFactory" />
  </factories>

Set the factory of all remoting destinations

In remoting-config.xml, be sure to set the factory of all destinations to the name specified in services-config.xml above.

<destination id="SomeService">
  <properties>
    <factory>guice</factory>
    <source>com.connorgarvey.guiceblazeds.service.flex.SomeFlexService</source>
  </properties>
</destination>

How this all works

  1. When the server starts, BlazeDS and Guice are initialized by the servlet listeners.
  2. When BlazeDS receives a request, to a service, it’ll see that it’s supposed to retrieve it from the “guice” factory.
  3. The Guice factory will return an instance of the class specified in the source of the service configuration from Guice to BlazeDS for use in completing the request.
Posted in Guice at June 19th, 2009. 1 Comment.

Testing in Android with mock UI components

As described in an earlier post, Android is not friendly to mocking frameworks or mock-style testing.  If you want to test any class in your application that deals with the Android API, it’s best to run your tests through the emulator, accessing real Android classes.  It’s unfortunate because you’re not just testing your application.  You’re also testing Android.  Anyway, here’s a way to mock a UI component.

If you’re just starting, here are a couple notes to keep you on the right track.

  • Android is bundled with JUnit 3.  Don’t try using an updated JUnit library or another testing framework.  The Android jar doesn’t contain any functional code, so all test cases have to be run in the emulator, which uses JUnit 3.  The test framework that will work best is in the Android API.
  • If you need basic implementations of Android classes, try to avoid mocking them.

“Mock”ing

In my latest test, I needed a TextView so that I could call the simplest method, setText(String).  I’ll describe how I got one.

Don’t bother with the android.test.mock package.  It just contains implementations of classes that throw UnsupportedOperationExceptions.  There isn’t anything there that I have yet found useful.

  1. In the test case, instead of extending TestCase, extend at InstrumentationTestCase or, if necessary, one of its subclasses.  It’ll set up most of the stuff that’s available in an Activity and make it available to your test case.
    public class AnAndroidTest extends InstrumentationTestCase {
  2. Create a mock implementation of TextView or the class you need.
    public class MockTextView extends TextView {
      public MockTextView(final Context context) {
        super(context);
      }
    }
  3. The TextView constructor needs a real Context object because it will call methods on it.  The context is difficult to mock because parts of it are private to Android.  Since the Android JAR is just an API and doesn’t have any functional code, you couldn’t even see the methods if you tried.  They only exist in the VM in the emulator.  AFAIK, if you can’t see a method, you can’t mock it.  That’s why your test case extends InstrumentationTestCase.  Put this in it.
    final TextView textView = new MockTextView(this.getInstrumentation().getContext());

Now write the test case.  The text view is real and has a fully functional context, so the emulator will have everything it needs to support your test case.

Posted in Android at June 1st, 2009. 1 Comment.